1, safety management system. The items of safety management rules and regulations include: drivers' code and safe operation procedures for hoisting machinery, maintenance, inspection, inspection and inspection of lifting machinery; safety technical file management system for hoisting machinery; safety training and assessment for hoisting machinery operation and maintenance personnel The system; crane use units should apply to the local competent authorities on-time for the use of hoisting machinery safety technology inspections and replacement of cranes for the use of permits management.
2, technical files. The items of the hoisting machinery safety technology archives include the equipment delivery technical documents, installation and repair records and acceptance data, usage, maintenance, maintenance, inspection and test records, safety technical supervision inspection reports, equipment and personal accident records, analysis of equipment problems and Cheap record.
3, regular inspection system. The periodic safety supervision period for inspection with cranes is 2 years (the safety inspection period for elevators and manned lifts is 1 year).
In addition, the use of the unit should also carry out self-inspection cranes, daily inspections, monthly inspections and annual inspections.
1 annual inspection. Every year at least one complete inspection of all the lifting appliances in use. For cranes that have been suspended for more than one year, earthquakes above Grade 4 or major equipment accidents, and open-air cranes are subjected to winds above the 9th level, they should be thoroughly inspected prior to use.
2 monthly check. Check items include: whether there is abnormality in safety devices, brakes, clutches, reliability, and accuracy; status of important parts (such as spreaders, wire rope pulley blocks, brakes, slings, and auxiliary equipment, etc.), whether or not they are damaged, and whether they should be scrapped Etc.; Leakage and performance of electrical and hydraulic systems and their components; Power systems and controllers.
Decommissioning of hoisting structures for more than one month should also be done before use.
3 daily inspection. Before each day of work, all types of safety devices, brakes, steering controls, and emergency alarms shall be inspected; the safety of the track; and the safety of the wire rope. If abnormalities are found during the inspection, they must be dealt with promptly. Do not run sick.
4. Training and education of workers. Lifting operations are collective operations coordinated by commanders, crane drivers, and cable workers. They require that lifting workers should not only possess basic cultural and physical conditions, but also must understand relevant laws and standards, and learn the theory of lifting and safety operations. Knowledge, master the skills of practical operation and safety rescue. The crane driver must undergo a special assessment and obtain a certificate of conformity before he can operate independently. Commanders and drivers are also required to undergo professional technical training and safety skills training to understand the risks and risks of their work, and to protect and protect others.